Since the reform and opening up, China’s rapid economic development has created unprecedented material wealth and unrecoverable ecological trauma. From the status quo of China’s industry ecology & economy system, the key problems that need to be solved urgently in the process of green transformation and upgrading are "large in quantity but not fine in quality" and "the serious loss of resources and environment". Nowadays, it is no secret that China is undergoing the milestone of converting the old development path to the new development path and the green transformation and upgrading. In the situation of economic growth decelerating and environmental burdens aggravating and factor bonus fading away, we need to explore the new kinetic energy of low carbon-green- recycling-sustainable growth of China’s economy. The practice of green transformation and upgrading of China’s industry system has given rise to more and more demand of deep-level reform, it is valuable to carify the space of governmental action and the inner mechanism of governmental intervention.
This dissertation focus on the background of sustainable development and China’s economic transformation and upgrading, on the basis of quantitatively evaluating the green transformation and upgrading at the provincial level and the status of government-market relations in the process of green transformation and upgrading, this dissertation concentrates on the governmental intervention mechanism of green transformation and upgrading of China’s industry ecology & economy system, and makes further study from the following three aspects specific to the deficiency of existing studies.
Firstly, this dissertation divides the industry ecology & economy system into economic subsystem, environmental subsystem and innovative subsystem. Based on the theory of grey relational analysis and principal component analysis method, the mathematical definition of industry ecology & economy system’s green transformation and upgrading level was put forward, therefore, the green transformation and upgrading level of China’s provincial industry ecology & economy system can be evaluated from a brand-new perspective. According to the evaluation results, 30 provinces of China can be divided into four categories. The fitting EKC show that there is no one-dominant shape of EKC for all categories. The results indicate how the green transformation and upgrading level affects the law of the relationship between economic development and environmental quality not only, but also the relationship state between government and market is revealed.
Secondly, this dissertation regards the transformation and upgrading of industry ecology & economy system as a continuous dynamic changing process, ascending along the industrial and the technical ladder, and upgrading from labor-intensive industries to capital-intensive industries, and then upgrading to low carbon green industries. Based on the theory of New Structural Economics, by the use of utility function and neoclassical production function, the government-market coupling model of "capital intensive industry chasing strategy" and the government-market coupling model of "low-carbon green industries supporting strategy" are established, with the purpose of exploring the coupling mode and illustrating the coupling mechanism between government and market in different stages of transformation and upgrading, and then the role of government in the process of green transformation and upgrading is analyzed.
And then, this dissertation focuses on the governmental industrial policy, through the establishment of policy intervention model of the transformation and upgrading under the "government-leading coupling pattern" , and the establishment of policy intervention model of the transformation and upgrading under the "market-enhancing & green-sharing coupling pattern", the intervention mechanism of industrial policy to the transformation and upgrading is illustrated, and the causal logic behind transformation and upgrading is analysed. This dissertation looks forward to adding fuel to China’s efforts to break through transformation and upgrading of industry ecology & economy system .The main research findings are as follows:
(1) In the process of transformation and upgrading from labor-intensive industries to capital-intensive industries before the raising of the concept of green developing in the previous historical periods. ○1In those regions where industrial transformation and upgrading were successful, the influence mechanism of industrial policy lies in that the government promoted the transformation and upgrading by reasonably establishing the industrial policy in the premise that the capital endowment meets the constraints of itself in this region. In other words, the government is promising. ○2In some regions where industrial transformation and upgrading were lagging behind, the influence mechanism of industrial policy lies in that although the capital endowment meets the constraints of itself, the government implemented unreasonable industrial policy, leading to the actual situation of industrial transformation and upgrading seriously under the theoretical upper limit. That is to say, the government is fatuous. ○3In some regions where industrial transformation and upgrading failed, the influence mechanism of industrial policy lies in that the government implemented industrial transformation and upgrading prematurely, despite that the region’s capital endowment is too low to meet the constraints of itself. In other words, the government did something urgently.○4 The inducement of distortions is the mismatching between the factor endowments and the goal of industrial transformation and upgrading.
(2) Under the new phase of green developing in China’s different regions, as far as the heterogeneous energy technology endowment is concerned, the goal of low carbon green industrial transformation and upgrading need to implement according to different ways, the coupling model between government and market need to transform. ○1Specifically, in part of the eastern region where green-power technical endowments meet the constraints of the transformation and upgrading of the low-carbon green industries, the coupled model between government and market needs to be transformed from the old "government-leading coupled model" to "market-enhancing coupled model". That is to say, the market is dominant and the government is facilitative.○2In some central and western regions where the constraints of green-power technical endowments can’t be met, the coupled model between government and market needs to be transformed from the old "government-leading coupled model" to the "green- sharing coupled model", that is, the barrier that stop the transfer of green energy technology between various regions of China can be removed by taking advantages of the institution of China. And then, the central and western regions can also assimilate the green energy technology from the eastern regions while undertaking the industrial gradient transfer, and ultimately achieve the synergy between the industrial transfer and the transformation and upgrading of low-carbon green industries.
(3) The facilitate supporting of low-carbon green industries should be combined with the comparative advantage in different regions, it is one of the keys to eliminate various kinds of distortions by avoiding excessive supports. In order to make the mid-west areas avoid eastern areas’ old path of "treatment after pollution", it is an essential gripper that the elimination of factor price distortions.