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类型 基础研究 预答辩日期 2017-11-26
开始(开题)日期 2012-10-11 论文结束日期 2017-01-13
地点 交通学院三楼会议室 论文选题来源 学校自选项目    论文字数 13 (万字)
题目 城市新区现代有轨电车线网规划方法研究
主题词 现代有轨电车,线网规划,客流预测,线网生成,线网评价与决策
摘要 随着我国新型城镇化发展战略的实施,城市新区在我国各地呈现快速发展趋势,为提升城市新区交通基础设施的服务能力和服务品质,国内许多城市新区开始规划建设现代有轨电车系统。但由于对现代有轨电车系统的技术特点和交通特征认识不足,缺乏系统的线网规划方法指导,以致现代有轨电车线网布局规划脱离城市新区的总体规划和客观实际,已经建成的现代有轨电车系统存在客流支撑不足、作用发挥不明显等问题。论文通过系统研究城市新区现代有轨电车线网客流需求分析、规模测算、线网生成、线网评价与时序决策等方面的关键技术和规划方法,有利于提高线网规划的科学合理性,对促进现代有轨电车系统在城市新区健康、有序和可持续发展具有十分重要的意义。 论文研究了城市新区公共交通系统构成及基本特征,阐明了城市新区现代有轨电车线网规划应重点处理与土地利用、供需平衡、近期需求与远期发展之间的关系。结合现代有轨电车系统的技术特点,深入研究了表征现代有轨电车系统交通特性的关键指标,为现代有轨电车线网规划方法研究奠定基础依据。 论文从城市新区公共交通导向(TOD)、公交优先、集约化发展和低碳绿色四个角度,研究了城市新区现代有轨电车网络的发展机理。通过分析现代有轨电车在城市新区的适应性,明确了现代有轨电车在多模式、多层次公共交通体系中的功能定位。 以传统的“四阶段法”为基础,研究了城市新区线网客流预测模型选用和参数取值方法,提出出行生成预测宜根据城市新区特点和发展规律,对模型相关参数进行相应调整与标定,对于特殊活跃的小区还应考虑核心地区系数;出行分布预测应针对内部、外部交通联系的差异分别建模,采用重叠需求理论进行网络叠加;出行方式划分考虑多模式公交网络条件下,出行者对组合出行模式选择的自主性,构建全方式组合出行随机用户均衡Logit模型进行预测;并考虑现代有轨电车适宜的出行距离、旅行速度和运输能力等特征指标进行效用参数的标定;网络分配应结合城市新区发展的阶段性分期分步构建分配网络模型,增加地面交叉口信号延误时间的考虑。 通过对影响城市新区现代有轨电车线网规模的主要因素分析,提出了基于客流需求、线网覆盖率和几何分析的线网规模测算方法;在分析现代有轨电车线网基本形态的基础上,研究了城市新区空间结构与现代有轨电车线网形态的耦合机理和城市新区现代有轨电车线网形态的演化机理,提出了城市新区现代有轨电车线网布局形态的基本方法。采用 “面、线、点”要素分析法研究了线网生成的控制要素,构建初始线网,并采用基于交通小区重要度的虚拟路径生成方法和基于集散点重要度的实体路径生成方法进行初始线网改进;采用KSP最短路径算法,构建了现代有轨电车线网优化模型,为城市新区现代有轨电车线网生成和优化提供了技术支撑。 为了能够科学的评价城市新区现代有轨电车线网规划效果,建立了能够反映线网规划方案优劣程度的评价目标、评价准则和指标体系,通过分析这些指标的权重关系,采用模糊综合评价模型对线网规划方案进行评价。通过采用多目标理想点决策模型(TOPSIS),构建标准化决策矩阵确定现代有轨电车规划线网实施排序方案,为现代有轨电车规划线网实施提供科学依据。 采用论文提出的线网规划方法和关键技术,以南京河西新城现代有轨电车线网规划为实例应用,系统论证了河西新城现代有轨电车线网的功能定位、客流需求分析、线网规模测算、线网生成与布局、线网评价及时序决策,进一步验证了论文相关的研究成果。
英文题目 METHOD OF MODERN TRAM NETWORK IN NEW URBAN DISTRICT
英文主题词 modern tram; network planning; passenger flow forecast; network generation; network evaluation and decision
英文摘要 With the implementation of new urbanization strategy of our country, the new urban district has showed a rapidly developing trend in our country, in order to promote the service ability and service quality of transportation infrastructure in new urban district, many domestic new urban districts plan to construct the modern tram system. However, because of inadequate knowledge on the technical characteristics and key operating indicators of the modern tram, and due to lacking of guidance method on modern tram network planning, so the modern tram layout planning is not suitable for the master plan and objective condition of new urban district. The operating modern tram system are facing serious problems of insufficient passenger flow and function. By studying the planning method and key techniques of network passenger flow demand analysis, network scale measurement, network generation, and network evaluation and decision making, forming the network planning system, it will be beneficial for improving the scientificity and rationality of network planning, which will promote the sustainable and healthy developing of the modern tram system in new urban district. This paper study on structure and basic characteristics of urban public transport system, it clarifies that the modern tram network planning in new urban district should focus on how to deal with the relationship with land use, supply and demand balance, public transport system and short-term demand and long-term development. Combining with technology characteristics of the modern tram system, it has deeply studied the running characteristics of the modern tram system in this paper, basing the foundation for the research on the planning method of the modern tram network. From four aspects of Transit Oriented Development (TOD), Bus priority, Intensive development and Low-carbon green development, it has researched the development mechanism of the modern tram network in new urban district in this paper. Through analyzing the adaptability in new urban district of modern tram, it clarifies the functional orientation of modern tram in multi-mode and multi-level public transport system. Based on the traditional "four-stage method", it has studied the method of model selection and parameter choice in passenger flow forecast of tram network in this paper, and proposed that trip generation forecast should be based on the characteristics and development law of new urban district, and then adjust and re-calibrate the model parameters, and for a particular active district, the core area coefficient should also be considered; trip distribution forecast should be modelled separately according to differences between internal and external transport links, and used overlapping demand theory to make network overlay; trip mode division should carry out utility parameter calibration by fully considering the appropriate travel distance, travel speed, transport capacity and other characteristics of the modern tram system; network distribution should be combined with stepwise development of new urban district to build the distribution network model step by step, and add consideration of ground intersection signal delay. By the analysis of main factors affecting modern tram network scale in new urban district, it has proposes the network scale calculation method based on passenger flow demand, network coverage and geometric analysis; then studied the coupling mechanism of new urban district spatial structure and modern tram network, the evolution mechanism of modern tram network, on the basis of the basic form analysis of modern tram network, and it has proposed the select method of modern tram network layout shape in new urban district. In this paper, “face, line, point" factor analysis method is applied to study the control factors of network generation and structure the initial network; virtual path generation method based on traffic zone important degree and entity path generation method based on the hubs important degree is applied to conduct the initial network improvement; KSP shortest path algorithm is used to structure the network optimal model of modern tram network and provide the technical support for the new urban district modern tram network generation and optimization. In order to evaluate scientifically the modern tram network planning effect in new urban district, it has established the assessing objectives, criteria and an indicator system which can reflect the good and bad degree of network planning, and by analyzing the weight of these indicators, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model is adopted for evaluating the network planning programs. Through the adoption of multi-objective decision making of the ideal point model (TOPSIS), build standardized decision matrix to determine the modern tram planning line network implementation scheme for the modern tram will provide a scientific basis for planning line network implementation. Taking the modern tram network planning of Nanjing Hexi New District as an application example, using the network planning method and technology proposed in this paper, it has systematically studied the functional orientation, application mode, passenger flow demand feature, network distribution and network evaluation and optimization of Hexi New District modern tram network, and furtherly validated the network planning methodology as proposed in this paper.
学术讨论
主办单位时间地点报告人报告主题
交通学院 2013年12月 交通学院楼328 张小辉 城际铁路客运枢纽交通衔接设施配置方法研究
交通学院 2014年12月 交通学院楼328 姜晓红 面向服务均等化的城乡公交线路组织方法
交通学院 2015年1月 交通学院楼328 胡军红 城市新区现代有轨电车适应性及其功能定位研究
南京工业大学 2016年9月 江浦校区仁智楼513 胡军红 现代有轨电车建设关键技术分析
南京工业大学 2016年4月 江浦校区图书馆报告厅 俞强 江苏省铁路“十三五”规划建设情况
交通学院 2010年04月 交通学院楼328 胡军红 我国城市出租车发展策略研究
交通学院 2011年10月 交通学院楼328 邓润飞 城市群城际客运设施配置问题研究进展
交通学院 2012年12月 交通学院楼328 胡军红 城市新区现代有轨电车线网规划方法研究初步进展
交通学院 2013年7月 交通学院楼328 杨明、何小洲 大都市轨道交通线网模式与布局研究 高速铁路客运枢纽集疏运规划方法研究
交通学院 2015年3月 交通学院楼328 胡军红 城市新区现代有轨电车交通需求预测方法及优化
     
学术会议
会议名称时间地点本人报告本人报告题目
第一届国际轨道交通紫金论坛 2014年11月 南京 现代有轨电车的发展及其应用研究
南京工业大学学术休整周 2016年4月 南京 城市公共交通系统的基本框架讲解
     
代表作
论文名称
城市新区现代有轨电车规划线网规划方法研究-以南京河西新城为例
Research of Public Transportation Development Model Selectiong in New Urban Areas
 
答辩委员会组成信息
姓名职称导师类别工作单位是否主席备注
刘攀 正高 教授 博导 东南大学交通学院
刘志远 正高 教授 博导 东南大学交通学院
马建霄 正高 教授 博导 南京林业大学
杨敏 正高 教授 博导 东南大学交通学院
许巧祥 正高 研高工 其他 南京地铁集团
      
答辩秘书信息
姓名职称工作单位备注
王卫 其他 讲师 东南大学交通学院