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类型 综合研究 预答辩日期 2018-01-23
开始(开题)日期 2014-02-27 论文结束日期 2017-09-14
地点 中大院113 论文选题来源 中央、国家各部门项目     论文字数 16 (万字)
题目 基于形态完整性的传统乡村聚落性能化提升规划技术研究
主题词 传统乡村聚落,形态完整性,性能化提升规划,街巷网络,地块格局
摘要 传统乡村聚落是我国农耕文明的重要见证,因受到地域特征、宗族思想、经济发展的影响,呈现出丰富多样的形态,具有重要的历史文化价值和研究意义。在中国过去三十多年的快速城镇化进程中,来自不同主体的需求和意愿使传统乡村聚落的生存空间遭受不断挤压,并呈现出两大乱象:“格式化”抹杀了乡村已存的多样性和乡土特色;任由村民乱搭乱建的改造导致乡村风貌凌乱无序。如何兼顾保护与发展,在建设发展中保留多元化和多样性,是目前中国传统乡村聚落需要解决的共性科学问题,也是研究难点。 基于上述现实问题与价值取向,论文尝试将性能化设计思路引入保护规划,把“合理性灵活”的理念与传统乡村聚落的传统性、完整性相结合,寻求互动的规划技术,在谋求发展、提升性能的同时,尽可能保持形态完整与传统风貌。 论文首先通过对我国乡村建设历程回顾、村镇规划发展梳理和他国保护经验总结,提取目前我国传统乡村聚落的发展主题——持续现代化、保护与发展、传统性特征、性能条件改善。然后,对我国传统乡村聚落的传统性和完整性进行了论述和系统建构,以“在地性、时间性、社会性、传承性”表述传统性特征,以“要素完备、结构完整、功能完善、关系完好”解释形态完整性特征,最终落实到环境条件、历史脉络、人文因子、基底要素、结构单元、标志节点六大形态落点。 论文结合发展现状和村民调研,提出了围绕保护与发展的具体四大目标:保存空间结构、确保安全格局、改善使用功能、提高设施效率;建构了性能化提升规划编制的技术框架和路径,将“性能化”概念及其“合理性灵活”的技术理念从宏观思路转化为规划技术并融入整个规划过程。通过三次导入,分别从“宏观价值判断——中观项目集合——微观设计操作”对传统规划的定位、目标、内容、项目集合、参变量指标等内容进行技术拓展,完成不同层面、不同类型的性能提升。论文着重通过乡村的街巷网络的适应性和可达性提升优化、地块格局的二维及三维指标反馈,阐述了操作层面上的主动调整与被动响应之间的互馈作用与意义。最后,论文以福建武夷山曹墩村为例进行实证研究,对其进行了性能化提升规划,对产业发展、性能改善、环境保护、风貌存续之间的关系进行了解读和反思。 论文的研究创新点在于:首先通过对传统性和完整性的解读确定传统乡村聚落的物质提升落点,将性能化提升与传统保护相结合。通过多层次导入结合的工作路径、“多性能指标合集”和“双向构建与互馈”的技术方法,对传统规划方法及主要内容进行了有效补充,使传统乡村聚落的性能提升与形态保存的平行推进得以实现。
英文题目 PERFORMANCE-BASED PLANNING METHOD REASERACH ON TRADITIONAL RURAL SETTLEMENTS BASED ON MORPHOLOGICAL INTEGRITY
英文主题词 traditional rural settlement, integrity, performance-based planning, street network, plot pattern
英文摘要 The traditional rural settlement is an important witness of agricultural civilization in China, which is impressed by the regional characteristics, patriarchal ideology and level of economic development, showing rich and diverse patterns, and has a high historic cultural value and research significance. Over the past 30 years of rapid urbanization in China, a variety of needs and requirements from different subjects caused the living space of traditional rural settlements be constantly squeezed, showing two types of construction chaos: “format” obliterated the diversity and local characteristics, while excessive freedom for villagers to rebuild spontaneously caused increasingly disordered. How to balance the preservation and development, keep the diversity in construction and development, is the common scientific problem and difficulties for Chinese traditional rural settlements. Based on the practical problems and value orientation, this thesis tries to introduce the performance-based design method into the conservation planning, combine the concept “reasonable flexibility” with the tradition and integrity of traditional rural settlements, find interactive planning skills. First, the thesis reviews the progress of rural construction in China and development of village planning as well as the experience from other countries, extracts the theme of current development: continuous modernization, preservation and development, traditional features, performance improvement. Then, discusses and analyzes the tradition and integrity of the traditional rural settlement, use “locum, time, society, heritage” to represent the tradition, use “elements, structure, function, relation” to describe the integrity, and take environment, chronology, humanity, shape, units and marks as six targets. Related to current situation of development and villagers’ investigation, the thesis puts forward four specific goals of protection and development: conserve the spatial structure, ensure the safe pattern, improve the function, enhance facility efficiency; then establishes the technical framework and path of performance-based planning, transforming the concept of “performance-based” and “reasonable flexibility” into detailed skills along the whole planning process. Through three times of import, expand the positioning, objectives, content, project collection, parameters and other indicators of traditional planning from “macro scale value judgment-middle scale item collection-micro scale design” to realize the performance improvement in different levels and directions. The thesis mainly elaborates the mechanism and significance between the active adjustment and passive response interaction on the level of operation through the streets network adaptability and accessibility improvement, 2D and 3D index of plot pattern feedback. Finally, Cao Dun village in Mount Wuyi is taken as example, the planning carries out the performance-based improvement, also interprets and reflects on the relationship among the industrial, environment and the traditional creature. The innovation points are: ensure the physical elements of traditional rural settlements by illustrating “tradition” and “integrity”, combine the performance-based design and traditional preservation. Through multi-scale import and combination, as well as the skill of “multi-project targets collection” and “bi-structure and bi-react”, this thesis tries to expand the method and contents of traditional planning, to realize the parallel development of performance improvement and morphological preservation.
学术讨论
主办单位时间地点报告人报告主题
School of Architecture Planning & Landscape 2015.7 Newcastle University,UK 赵烨 Performance-based design of traditional settlements’ basic systems according to the spatial pattern
WJG Atelier 2016.11 健雄院120 赵烨 Ciao:2014.12-2015.12
诸葛净工作室 2014.3 中大院 202 赵烨 我国传统村落形态分析与量化
建筑学院学生会 2014.11 前工院206 赵烨 REVOLUTION ROAD硕博之路
诸葛净工作室 2013.6 中大院202 赵烨 福建武夷山黄村村调研初步成果汇报
WJG Atelier 2014.11 健雄院120 王建国 新型城镇化背景下 城市设计的重心转移和内容拓展刍议
第五届城市与景观国际学术研讨会 2012.10 武汉,华中科技大学 赵烨 非物质文化遗产保护的新思维——以徽州文化生态保护实验区总体规划为例
AURG 9th INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM 2014.1 OITA,JAPAN 赵烨 Structural Integration of Natural Elements in New Town Development: Over-all Urban Design of Dong Shan Sub-city as Example
     
学术会议
会议名称时间地点本人报告本人报告题目
ISOCARP 49th CONGRESS 2013.10.3-4 BRISBANE,AUSTRALIA The Evaluation and Improvement Method of Waterfront Urban Landscape
2013年文化資產保存青年論壇暨國際研討會 2013.9.30 台湾,中国科技大学 传统乡村聚落的适应性保护与更新设计方法研究
     
代表作
论文名称
滨水区城市景观的评价与控制——以杭州西湖东岸城市景观规划为例
The Evaluation and Improvement Method of Waterfront Urban Landscape: the Case of Urban Landscape Pla
意大利历史城镇保护实践的经验与启示
 
答辩委员会组成信息
姓名职称导师类别工作单位是否主席备注
王伯伟 正高 教授 博导 同济大学
徐雷 正高 教授 博导 浙江大学
冷嘉伟 正高 教授 博导 东南大学
阳建强 正高 教授 博导 东南大学
吴晓 正高 教授 博导 东南大学
      
答辩秘书信息
姓名职称工作单位备注
张愚 其他 讲师 东南大学