From a perspective of Generation Theory, this thesis studies the basic theoretical problems of the moral education culture among university students. Marxist Generation Theory, provides a world view of constant innovation, eternal change, emphasizing the relationship, process and practice, thus breaking the modern “physical” research of metaphysics, turning to the living reality associated with human existence. Placing the moral culture in the background of the basic “living world”, it turns the moral concept and the cultural spirit into practical force, promotes spiritual production and spiritual exchanges, concerns about the specific survival of people and the daily life of cultural choice and criticism, and establishes the spirit of moral education to reflect the spirit of the times with an aim of being closer to the specific and historical way of life. On this basis, it aims to achieve the “cultural consciousness” about moral education pertaining to the way of thinking.
Firstly, the paper reviews the important and basic theoretical problems that are of great concern to the current moral education in the way of cultural and philosophical thinking. From the perspective of static and dynamic combination, it is concerned on the basis of cultural forming, cultural structure and cultural characteristics. And the argument bases on the way of existence of modern society, proposing the social basis and space dimension of the moral culture forming. Secondly, it sorts and analyzes the present situation of the contemporary Chinese and western cultural philosophy, searching for the ideological and theoretical weapons that can be used for reference and utilization. The inheritance of cultural genes is realized in the historical evolution, and the cultural gene variation is realized in the further direction, promoting the existence of human culture. Thirdly, it illustrates the mechanism of moral culture, the constitution of the synchronic dimension of moral culture on spiritual production, spiritual communication and culture personality, thus realizing the dialectical unity of “human, culture and practice”. Finally, it analyzes the cultural causes of the moral education dilemma of the university, changes the "pan-politicization" mode of traditional moral education, dispels the alienation of the subject of moral education and the living world, alleviates the tension between the individual and the society, avoids tooling, dogmatic and utilitarianization of moral education, concerns the creation of aim, contents, and way of moral education, to be consistent with scientific culture,organizational culture, to achieve moral education “should be” and “effective” unity. Thus, this research provides a possible theoretical paradigm for the study of moral education.
Based on the Marxist theory of practical philosophy, the moral education culture is placed in the triple view of epistemology, theory of value and practice, showing a certain form of historical evolution, covering multiple synchronic structures and intangible value demands. It is a prerequisite for the modernization of moral education and the abandonment of the presupposition of binary opposition, which reflects the call of moral education and the comprehensive and free development of human beings. It realizes the unity of individual and group and the unity of “abstract man” and "real man".
From the macro level, the existence, organization and characteristics of moral education in different periods of social development will show different historical forms. From the medium level, the essence of moral education, the connotation of “moral culture” and “cultural education” is united. It explores how to carry out “cultural construction” and “cultural education” and form a complete proposition of “self-construction” and “value-guided” unity to realize spiritual production and spiritual communication, and to resort to the paradigm demands of university moral education. From the micro level, it grasps the diverse cultural patterns, focusing on the active existence of the individual class, reshaping the self and the university community, to achieve the formation of cultural personality and to promote cultural awareness in moral education in colleges and universities.