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类型 基础研究 预答辩日期 2017-11-29
开始(开题)日期 2016-01-27 论文结束日期 2017-09-27
地点 五四楼二楼会议室 论文选题来源 非立项    论文字数 10 (万字)
题目 中国绿色发展的创新驱动机制研究—基于生态福利绩效视角的考察
主题词 绿色发展,创新驱动,生态福利绩效,技术创新,制度创新
摘要 改革开放以来中国社会经济取得了持续快速的发展,人们的生活水平得到了不断的提高。但与此同时,也带来了资源衰竭、环境污染、生态退化等一系列问题,严重地制约了中国社会经济的可持续发展。因此,中国经济发展需要更多地考虑自然资本的约束条件,从追求物质资本的扩展转向追求人类福利的提高。中国“十三五”规划指出:坚持创新发展、协调发展、绿色发展、开放发展、共享发展,是关系中国发展全局的一场深刻变革。针对创新发展与绿色发展,本文在已有研究基础上,基于生态福利绩效视角研究中国绿色发展的创新驱动机制,以期从更广泛的角度认识经济发展,有助于深化中国特色社会主义绿色发展的理论研究,有利于实现中国社会经济的可持续发展。 以往的经济发展重点在于GDP,主要突出人的收入。马克思主义社会发展理论强调人的自由全面发展,而人的全面发展就要不断提高人类福利水平。这意味着经济发展不仅要考虑到收入,还要考虑到人的教育和预期寿命。马克思主义社会发展理论同时也强调人与自然的和谐发展,因此在不断提高人类福利水平的同时应考虑到自然消耗水平。基于马克思主义社会发展理论上述分析,本文基于生态福利绩效视角研究中国绿色发展创新驱动机制,其中生态福利绩效表示的是人类福利水平与自然消耗水平比值。 本文认为绿色发展是最小化自然消耗和最大化人类福利的一种发展模式,即在经济活动中用最小量的自然消耗获得最大化的人类福利。因此,绿色发展的目标是实现“高福利,低消耗”发展。基于生态福利绩效视角,对中国2001-2015年31个地区绿色发展进行测度研究。研究发现,极少数地区是“高福利,低消耗”类型,而绝大多数地区是“低福利,低消耗”或“低福利,高消耗”类型。此外,绿色发展的影响因素、脱钩现状,以及绿色发展与经济增长之间关系的量化分析结果显示:在中国区域绿色发展方面,技术效应起到了驱动作用,而服务效应起到抑制作用;中国区域人类福利水平与自然消耗水平脱钩关系呈现良好的趋势;中国区域绿色发展与经济增长之间存在N型关系。 实现绿色发展“高福利、低消耗”目标的驱动力是什么?对此习近平总书记提出“把创新摆在国家发展全局的核心位置”、“把创新作为引领发展的第一动力”等重大论断。针对此,本文基于创新理论阐述了绿色发展的创新驱动机制。从理论层面分析了技术创新、制度创新和绿色发展之间存在协同演化关系,而实证检验基本验证了该协同演化关系。同时,量化分析表明:“十五”期间、“十一五”期间和“十二五”期间,中国地区技术创新、制度创新和绿色发展之间协同发展的程度较低,尚未形成三者协同机制。 针对上述中国绿色发展研究,在对中国2001-2020年的四个五年规划中绿色发展与创新驱动政策演变特征和典型的绿色发展国际成功经验剖析的基础上,针对绿色发展四种类型:“高福利,低消耗”、“高福利,高消耗”、“低福利,低消耗”和“低福利,高消耗”,提出了各类型改进路径,以及技术创新、制度创新和协同创新的相关政策建议。 总之,本文基于生态福利视角对中国绿色发展的理论基础、测度方法、创新驱动机制以及相关政策建议进行了较为系统的研究,为中国绿色发展提供了可供参考的决策依据,具有较高的理论价值和现实意义。
英文题目 Innovation Driving Mechanism of Green Development in China from the Perspective of Ecological Welfare Performance
英文主题词 green development; innovation driving; ecological welfare performance; technological innovation; system innovation
英文摘要 Since the reform and opening up, China’s social economy has achieved rapid and sustained development, and people’s living standards have been improved continuously. But at the same time, it also brings a series of problems, such as resource exhaustion, environmental pollution, ecological degradation, which seriously restricts the sustainable development of China’s social economy. Therefore, China’s economic development needs more consideration of the constraints of natural capital, and it needs to shift its focus from the pursuit of the expansion of material capital to the development of human welfare. In the "13th Five-Year" planning, China points out that the emphasis on innovation development, harmonious development, green development, opening development and sharing development is a profound change, which is related to the overall development of China. In view of innovation development and green development, based on the existing research, this paper researches into the innovation driving mechanism of China’s green development from the perspective of the ecological welfare performance. This study would be helpful in understanding economic development from a broader perspective, benefical in enriching the theoretical research of the green development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and conducive to the realization of the sustainable development of China’s social economy. In the past, economic development focuses on GDP and people’s income. Marx’s theory of social development emphasizes the free and overall development of human beings, while the overall development of human beings should constantly improve the level of human welfare. This means that economic development should not only take into account income, but also take into account the education and life expectancy of people. Marx’s theory of social development also emphasizes the harmonious development of human and nature. Therefore, the level of natural consumption should be taken into consideration in the process of improving the level of human welfare. According to the above analysis of Marx’s theory of social development, this paper investigates innovation driving mechanism of green development in China from the perspective of the ecological welfare performance, which represents the ratio of the level of human welfare to the level of natural consumption. In this paper, we provide the definition of green development: green development is a development model, with the aim of minimizing natural consumption and maximizing human welfare, namely, in economic activities green development works with a minimum amount of natural consumption to maximize the human welfare. Therefore, the goal of green development is to realize the development of "high welfare and low consumption". From the perspective of the ecological welfare performance, this paper studies the green development of China’s 31 regions in 2001-2015 years. The study finds that a few areas are "high welfare, low consumption" type, while most of areas are "low welfare, low consumption" or "low welfare, high consumption" type. Besides, this paper researches on the influencing factors and the decoupling status of green development, as well as the relationship between green development and economic growth. The results show that: concerning green development of Chinese regions, technological effects play a driving role, while service effects play an inhibitory role; the decoupling relationship between human welfare and natural resources consumption shows a good trend; there is an N-type relationship between green development and economic growth. What is the driving force for the goal of "high welfare and low consumption" of green development? In this regard, general secretary Xi Jinping proposes "putting innovation in the core position of the country’s overall development", "innovation as a leading force for the development " and other major judgments. Based on the innovation theory, this paper expounds the innovation driving mechanism of green development. This paper theoretically analyzes the existence of a co-evolutionary relationship among technology innovation, system innovation and green development, and checks this relationship. The results verify that basically there is a co-evolutionary relationship among technology innovation, system innovation and green development. At the same time, the paper analyzes the synergy degree among technological innovation, system innovation and green development. The results show that during "10th Five-Year", "11th Five-Year" and "12th Five-Year", the synergy degree among technological innovation, system innovation and green development in China is low, and there has not yet formed a coordination mechanism among them. According to the above study of China’s green development, this paper analyzes evolution characteristics of green development and innovation driven policies of four five-year plans from 2001 to 2020, and the typical international successful experience of green development. As for four types: "high welfare, low consumption", "high welfare, high consumption", "low welfare, low consumption" and "low welfare, high consumption", this paper provides improvement paths for different types of green development and related policy suggestions for technology innovation, system innovation and collaborative innovation. In short, this paper does systematic studies on theoretical basis, measurement methods, innovation driving mechanism and relevant policy suggestions for China’s green development from the perspective of ecological welfare performance. It provides reference basis for the decision making for China’s green development, thus has high theoretical value and practical significance.
学术讨论
主办单位时间地点报告人报告主题
东南大学马克思主义学院 2014年11月27日 马克思主义学院 张亮 西方“马克思学”的形成发展及其最新走向
东南大学马克思主义学院 2014年12月10日 马克思主义学院 冯吉芳 生态福利绩效-可持续发展新的分析工具
东南大学马克思主义学院 2014年12月15日 马克思主义学院 肖显静 解决资源危机:技术重要?还是制度重要?
东南大学马克思主义学院 2015年3月10日 马克思主义学院 冯吉芳 区域生态福利绩效及其影响因素研究
东南大学马克思主义学院 2015年10月10日 文科楼人文学术报告厅 朱国华 救赎的辩证跳跃-本雅明的讽喻理论解读
东南大学马克思主义学院 2015年10月26日 马克思主义学院 冯吉芳 Effect of technology innovation and spillovers on the carbon intensity of human well-being
东南大学 2015年10月30日 东南大学四牌楼校区 小约翰.B.柯布(John B.Cobb) 有机马克思主义与中国的伟大机遇
东南大学马克思主义学院 2016年5月8日 马克思主义学院 冯吉芳 中国绿色发展与创新驱动的政策演变
     
学术会议
会议名称时间地点本人报告本人报告题目
中国区域经济新常态学术研讨会 2015年12月11-13日 芜湖 基于区域层面的生态福利绩效与经济增长关系实证检验
首届南京高校马克思主义理论学科研究生论坛 2015年6月6日 东南大学马克思主义学院 中国人类福利与自然消耗脱钩关系研究
     
代表作
论文名称
Effect of technology innovation and spillovers on the carbon intensity of human well-being
中国区域生态福利绩效及其影响因素
生态福利绩效——可持续发展新的分析工具
 
答辩委员会组成信息
姓名职称导师类别工作单位是否主席备注
解超 正高 教授 博导 华东师范大学
刘春林 正高 教授 博导 南京大学
袁久红 正高 教授 博导 东南大学
许苏明 正高 教授 博导 东南大学
刘魁 正高 教授 博导 东南大学
      
答辩秘书信息
姓名职称工作单位备注
肖鹏 其他 讲师 东南大学