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类型 基础研究 预答辩日期 2018-04-20
开始(开题)日期 2016-06-27 论文结束日期 2017-12-25
地点 中大院113会议室 论文选题来源 学校自选项目    论文字数 12 (万字)
题目 中国典型区域流动人口家庭城镇化研究
主题词 家庭城镇化,家庭离散,家庭迁居,规划效应,流动人口
摘要 改革开放近40年来,中国城镇化率从1980年的19.4%快速上升到2016年的57.4%,形成了独特的人口流动路径和城乡发展模式,城乡居民生活质量极大提升,也产生了复杂多样的流动人口空间。然而,进入“新常态”发展阶段以来,中国经济发展模式和城乡发展态势均发生转变,人口城镇化进程的不确定性增加,城镇化的质量受到质疑。“家庭”是我国社会组织与社会运行的基本单元,但以往的城镇化研究大多关注“个体城镇化”维度,城乡规划实践也较少从家庭视角展开。为更深入地研究城乡发展与流动人口家庭城镇化的关系、深描流动人口家庭城镇化进程、探索促进流动人口家庭城镇化的规划转型路径并构建基于城乡规划实践的“家庭城镇化理论”,本研究以系统的调研数据和一手的调查资料为基础,运用计量分析方法对不同空间尺度下流动人口家庭城镇化状态与格局、流动人口家庭城乡迁居及其家庭聚居空间等进行分析。 本研究以“家庭城镇化理论”为研究线索,研究设计主要包括理论构建和实证分析两部分。“家庭城镇化理论”是基于中国城乡规划实践的“规划的理论”(Theory of Planning),“家庭城镇化”要求流动人口家庭实现城镇团聚,家庭核心成员在“居住-就业-公共服务”三个维度上协同实现城镇化,并要求流动人口家庭的城市生活在合适的空间与合理的尺度进行。“家庭城镇化”强调城乡规划的社会效益,通过城乡规划的空间干预促进流动人口家庭的城镇化进程和社会流动。在实证分析中,本研究从“全国-城市-片区”三个尺度进行组织,首先从全国层面对流动人口家庭空间分离与城市生活状况进行分析,比较不同类型城市流动人口家庭城镇化意愿差异,研究不同城乡发展背景下“回流家庭”再流动与就近城镇化的家庭决策,接着对典型流动人口家庭聚居区(开发区与城市近郊)城镇化要素供需矛盾进行探究,最后基于理论和实证对中国城乡规划模式转型进行探索。 第一章是“绪论”。本章从流动人口家庭城乡离散问题、“个体城镇化”向“家庭城镇化”转变及对面向流动人口家庭城镇化的城乡规划理论的需要等角度分析了本文的研究背景、研究问题及研究意义,基于既有研究界定了相关概念,并细化了研究方法和技术路线等。 第二章是“研究综述”。本章梳理和总结了与中国流动人口家庭城镇化相关的文献,包括人口流动、城乡规划效应、家庭城镇化理论等内容,其中,人口流动部分着重从人口流动路径、流动人口城市生活空间、流动人口城市居住意愿及人口流动空间效应等方面进行述评,城乡规划效应部分主要从空间效应、经济效应和社会效应等三方面进行评述,家庭城镇化理论部分则重点对其概念、内涵进行了回顾和评价,在此基础上进一步提出了本研究的理论框架。 第三章是“中国流动人口家庭空间分离与城市生活状况”。本章主要从全国层面对流动人口家庭空间分离、流动人口“居住-就业-公共服务”基本状况进行分析。与改革开放早期农村家庭城乡分离不同,新时期流动人口家庭城市团聚的趋势明显,流动人口夫妻在同一城市就业的比例达90.51%,而流动人口与子女分离的比例为37.24%、与其父母分离的比例高达94.02%。在全国层面,京津地区及长三角核心城市流动人口家庭子女分离的情况比较突出,而全国流动人口家庭父母分离的比例均较高。在城市层面,流动人口家庭分离呈现城市越发达“夫妻同城”比例越高,子女、父母分离比例也越高,其中“北上广深”流动人口家庭子女分离比例达40.24%。家庭经济社会因素、城市空间因素、家庭空间因素、就业因素、住房因素、政策因素等均对流动人口家庭分离具有直接影响,其中城市生活成本和基本公共服务供应对流动人口家庭分离的影响最为突出。 第四章是“中国流动人口家庭城镇化意愿比较”。本章构建了流动人口家庭城镇化意愿指数(FUI),从中国一线城市、二线城市和三线城市(东部城市、中部城市和西部城市)中选取了8个典型城市(上海市松江区、苏州市、无锡市、泉州市、武汉市、长沙市、西安市、咸阳市),基于大规模问卷调查数据对流动人口家庭城镇化意愿及其影响因素进行研究,分析流动人口家庭城镇化的城际差异。研究发现,中国人口流动呈现明显的近域流动特征,城市对流动人口家庭的吸引力呈现一定的距离衰减规律。武汉、无锡、苏州和西安等流动人口庭城镇化意愿指数较高,其次为上海,泉州、长沙和咸阳等较低,总体呈现“一、三线城市家庭城镇化水平低,二线城市家庭城镇化水平高”的特点。当前中国流动人口家庭城镇化进程受制于支持要素的城乡分离,大量流动人口家庭形成“稳定”的城乡分离家庭,支持要素的完全城镇供应是突破“家庭分离稳态”的重要一步。 第五章是“中国回流家庭再流动及农村家庭迁居研究”。本章包括两部分内容,第一部分是中国农村家庭就近迁居城镇研究,第二部分是回流家庭再次外出务工或留乡务农研究。通过对农村家庭迁居及回流家庭再流动的研究,从来源地层面分析中国乡镇发展水平对中国家庭城镇化进程的影响。流动人口家庭的不同空间选择对其家庭城镇化进程具有深刻的影响,但县域城镇化水平的差异致使农村家庭(包括回流家庭)的空间选择及其城镇化进程的不确定性增加。研究发现,农村家庭迁居城镇的意愿与所在城市的城镇化水平存在U型曲线关系,即城镇化率较高和较低地区的农村家庭迁居城镇的意愿均较高,而中等城镇化水平地区农村家庭迁居城镇的意愿较低。具体而言,农村家庭城乡迁居主要受村庄教育设施、生活服务设施、村庄区位等影响,即,村庄基本公共服务设施越完善、距中心城镇越近,家庭迁居城镇的意愿越低;农村经济发展水平越高、公共服务设施越完善、区位条件越好,回流村民再次外出务工的可能性越低;村庄经济结构单一、农业比重越高、距离县城越远,留守家庭务农的可能性越大。在城市尺度上,地区城镇化率、人均GDP、地均GDP越高,回流村民再次外出务工的可能性越高,而留守农村重新务农的可能性越低。 第六章是“中国流动人口家庭聚居区城镇化要素供需研究”。本章主要基于笔者的一手调查数据,对珠三角和长三角典型地区(惠州仲恺高新区、杭州经开区及余杭开发区、南京市铁北片区)的流动人口家庭城镇化“居住-就业-公共服务”供需匹配进行分析,并探索性分析了城乡规划效应问题。研究提出,流动人口家庭城镇化应有必要的空间支持,以促进其就地城镇化。对开发区案例的分析发现,开发区规划建设中流动人口被视为“个体劳动力”,其家庭生活的全面需要长期被忽视,致使开发区在“居住-就业-公共服务”上与主城区存在较大差距,同时制约了开发区转型发展。特别是在面向家庭的基本公共服务供应上,严重制约流动人口家庭本地化和城镇化。对南京玄武区铁北新城的社会空间演变分析提出,既有城镇化模式下的空间(再)开发过程存在“竞争性淘汰”效应,由于对(改造后的)空间资源缺乏支付能力,大量流动人口家庭持续处于空间再流动与社会边缘化的境地。 第七章是“结论与展望”。对上述研究内容进行系统总结,并基于以上分析,从转变经济价值主导的城乡规划体系、以家庭为单元测度和评价地方城镇化质量、以家庭生活需要配置“居住-就业-公共服务”、合理引导流动人口家庭迁居等方面提出了规划建议。 本研究的主要创新点包括:第一,提出、完善和发展了家庭城镇化理论。“家庭城镇化”概念在城乡规划学界被提出后,相关研究陆续出现,但既有文献还较少全面系统地从不同层面进行实证性和支撑性研究。本研究将“家庭城镇化理论”进一步转化为城乡规划实践理论,结合特定空间的转型发展,检视既有城乡规划范式和城镇化模式问题,为城乡规划提供新视角和新路径。第二,多尺度测度和分析中国流动人口家庭城镇化状态。本研究基于大规模问卷调查数据,从全国、城市和片区三个层面分别对中国流动人口家庭城镇化状态进行测度和分析,构建了“家庭城镇化指数”。除了城市层面的分析外,还从乡镇层面分析了回流家庭再流动及农村家庭就近城镇化问题。第三,基于特定空间实证解析流动人口家庭城镇化的微观机制。开发区和城郊新城是流动人口家庭的重要集聚地,但其规划和建设、转型发展或再开发却较少考虑流动人口家庭城镇化需要。特别地,本研究提出了“竞争性淘汰”效应概念,以表述“围绕优质城市空间的市场化竞争完成空间主体更替”的过程,为分析城乡规划效益提供了新视角。
英文题目 Study on Family Urbanization of Floating Population in China
英文主题词 Family Urbanization,Family Split,Family Relocation,Planning Effect,Floating Population
英文摘要 Since the reform and opening up, China has achieved rapid development. China’s urbanization rate rose rapidly from 19.4% in 1980 to 57.4% in 2016, forming a unique migration path and urban-rural development model. The quality of life of urban and rural residents has been greatly improved. The floating population has created a variety of living space in urban China. However, since entering the stage of “new normal” development, the pattern of China’s economic development and urban-rural development have all changed. The uncertainty of the process of population urbanization has increased and the quality of urbanization has been questioned. In this context, more and more scholars pay attention to the development of China’s floating population families. “Family” is the basic unit of social organization and social operation in China. However, the existing studies on urbanization mostly focus on the dimension of “individual urbanization”, and the urban-rural planning practice is also rarely conducted from the perspective of the family. In order to further study the relationship between urban-rural development and urbanization of migrant families, and to probe into the process of urbanization of migrant families, and to explore the transformation path of planning to promote the urbanization of migrant families, and to establish a “family urbanization theory” based on urban-rural planning practice, based on the systematic survey data, this study uses the quantitative analysis method to analyze the urbanization status and pattern of migrant families in different spatial scales, the relocation of migrant families between urban areas and rural areas, and the settlements of floating population family. In this study, the “family urbanization theory” is taken as the research clue, and the research design mainly consists of theoretical construction and empirical analysis. “Family urbanization theory” is the theory of planning, based on China’s urban-rural planning practice. “Family urbanization” requires that migrant families should achieve urban reunification. “Residence-employment-public service” of migrant family need to be urbanized in a coordinated manner in each dimension, and it is required that the urban life of the floating population families should be carried out on a suitable space and at a reasonable scale. “Family urbanization” emphasizes the social benefits of urban-rural planning and the promotion of the urbanization and social mobility of migrant families through spatial intervention using urban-rural planning. In the part of empirical analysis, this study is organized from three scales, “nation-city-area”. Firstly, the spatial separation of floating population family in the national level is analyzed. The differences of the willingness of family urbanization of migrant families in different types of cities are compared. And the decision-making on (re-)mobility of “returning families” is also analyzed in this research. Secondly, the contradiction between supply and demand of “residence-employment-public service” for floating population families in different types of migrant settlements (development zone and urban suburb) is analyzed. Thirdly, based on the family urbanization theory, the transformation model of urban-rural planning is proposed. The first chapter is “introduction”. This chapter illustrates the research background, research issues and research significance of this paper from three aspects: the transformation from the individual urbanization to family urbanization, the social problems caused by split migrant families, and the urgent need of family urbanization theory to promote the process of urbanization of migrant families. Based on previous studies, the relevant concepts are defined. The research methods and technical routes of this research are also stated. The second chapter is “research review”. This chapter reviews and summarizes the literature related to the urbanization of the Chinese migrant families, and includes three parts, population migration, the urban-rural planning effect, and the family urbanization theory. The part of population migration mainly focuses on the following aspects: the population migration path, the urban living space of the floating population, urban settlement intention of the floating population, and the spatial effect of population flow. The part of urban-rural planning effect mainly reviews three aspects: spatial effect, economic effect, and social effect. The family urbanization theory mainly reviews its conception and connotation. On this basis, the paper further proposes the theoretical framework. The third chapter is “the family spatial separation and the status of urban life of the floating population in China”. This chapter mainly analyzes the family separation of floating population and the basic condition of “residence-employment-public service” of floating population from the national level. Different from a family urban-rural split in rural areas in the early period of reform and opening up, the trend of a family reunion of migrant families is obvious in the new period. The proportion of migrant couples living in the same city is 90.51%, while the proportion of floating population leaving their children in the countryside is 37.24% and those living their parents in countryside reaches 94.02%. At the national level, the phenomenon of the family split of floating population in Beijing-Tianjin and the core cities of the Yangtze River Delta is prominent. At the city level, the family split of floating population shows that the more developed the city is, the higher the proportion of “couples in the same city” is, and the higher the percentage of children left behind is. The percentage of floating population with left-behind children is 40.24%. Family economic and social factors, urban spatial factors, employment factors, housing factors, political and institutional factors have a direct impact on the family split of migrants. That is, urban living costs and the supply of basic public services have the most prominent impact on the family split of floating population. The fourth chapter is “the comparison of the willingness of family urbanization of Chinese migrant families”. This chapter put forward the index of family urbanization (FUI) and selects 8 typical cities (Shanghai’s Songjiang District, Suzhou, Shanghai, Shanghai, Shanghai, Wuxi, Quanzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Xi’an, and Xianyang) from the first-tier cities, second-tier cities and third-tier cities as the study cases. Based on the large-scale questionnaire survey data, the author attempts to study the urbanization intention of migrant families and their influential factors. This study finds that the population migration in China shows obvious characteristics of near-field flow, and the attraction of the city to the floating population family is in accordance with the regulation of distance decay. The FUI of floating population is highest in Wuhan, Wuxi, Suzhou, and Xi’an, following by Shanghai, Quanzhou, Changsha, and Xianyang. The FUI of floating population tends to be “low in first- and third-tier cities, high in second-tier cities”. At present, the process of urbanization of migrant families is limited by the separation of supportive factors provided by urban and rural areas in China. A large number of floating population families have been in a state of “semi-urbanization” for a long time and form a “stable” separated urban-rural families. The complete urban supply of supporting factors is a breakthrough of the current “semi-family urbanization”. The fifth chapter is “the study on the re-mobility of backflow family and the relocation of a rural family in China”. This chapter consists of two parts. The first part is the study on the relocation of rural families to the nearby towns. The second part is the study on the re-mobility of the backflow migrant families. Through the study of family relocation and family flow in rural areas, the paper analyzes the impact of the township development on the urbanization of Chinese families in the origins. The different spatial choices of migrant families have a profound impact on the urbanization of their families. However, the differences in the urbanization levels in the counties lead to increase the uncertainties of their urbanization process. This study found that there is a U-shaped relationship between the willingness of rural families relocating their towns and the urbanization level of their cities. That is, rural families living in the region with higher/lower urbanization rates have a high willingness to move to urban areas, while those living in the region with moderate urbanization rates have a low willingness to move to urban areas. Specifically, the relocation of rural families is mainly affected by the village educational facilities, living and service facilities, and the location of villages. That is, the better the public service facilities in the village and the closer to the central town, the lower the family’s willingness to move to urban areas. The higher the development level of their villages, the better the public service facilities, and the better location conditions of their villages, the lower the willingness of (backflow) villagers returning to work outside again is. The higher the proportion of agriculture, the farther away from the county, the greater the likelihood of stay-behind families farming is. On the city level, the higher the urbanization rate and GDP per capita in the region, the more likely the returned migrants are to work outside again and the less likely they are to re-farm in rural areas. The sixth chapter is “the study on supply and demand of urbanization supportive factors for the floating population families in China”. Using the first-hand survey data collected in the typical migrant settlements of the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta (Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Zone, Hangzhou Economic Development Zone and Yuhang Development Zone, and Nanjing Tiebei Area), this study analyzes the supply and demand of “residence-employment-public service” for the floating population families and the effectiveness of urban-rural planning in China. This study suggests that the urbanization of migrant families should be based on the necessary spatial support. The case of development zones shows that the floating population in the development zone planning and construction is regarded as an “individual labor force” and their family life needs was neglected leading to the big gap of “residence-employment-public service” between central area and development zone, which restricts the localization and urbanization of the migrant families. The analysis of the evolution of social space in Nanjing Xuanwu Tiebei New City suggests that there is a “competitive elimination” effect in the space redevelopment under the existing urbanization pattern. Due to the lack of purchasing power for space resources, a large number of floating population families continue to be marginalized in space and society. The seventh chapter is “conclusion and discussion”. Based on the above analysis, this study proposes suggestions on planning from the following aspects: the transformation of urban-rural planning system dominated by economic value to social value, measuring and evaluating the quality of urbanization by family development, (re-)allocating “residence-employment-public service” to migrant families, suitably guiding mobility of the floating population family and so on. The main innovations of this study: First, the paper develops the theory of family urbanization. After the concept of “family urbanization” was put forward in the academic fields of urban-rural planning, related researches appeared one after another. However, the existing literature did not carry out empirical and supportive studies from different aspects in a comprehensive and systematic manner. Additionally, in this study, the theory of “family urbanization” is further transformed into practice theory of urban-rural planning. Combined with the transformation and development of specific space, the paper also examines the existing urban-rural planning models and provides a new perspective and a new path for urban-rural planning. Second, this study measures and analyzes the urbanization of the Chinese migrants in a multi-scale manner. Based on the data of large-scale surveys, this study measures and analyzes the urbanization status of Chinese migrant families from three aspects of the whole country, the city, and the districts, respectively, and constructs the “Family Urbanization Index (FUI)”. Besides the analysis on the urban areas, this study also analyzes the (re-)mobility of returning migrant families in rural areas. Third, the micro-mechanism of urbanization of migrant families is empirically analyzed in the specific spaces. The development zones and suburban are important agglomerations of migrant families, but their planning and construction, transitional (re)development are less concerned with the urbanization of migrant families. In particular, this study proposes the concept of “competitive elimination” to express “the process of replacement of the main social class by the marketization competition of high-quality urban space” and provides a new perspective for analyzing the effectiveness of urban-rural planning.
学术讨论
主办单位时间地点报告人报告主题
中国城市规划学会 2017.10.29-31 西安 王兴平等 开发区转型与城市创新发展
International Geographical Union 2015.8.17-21 俄罗斯莫斯科 陈宏胜 Improving public services for rural migrant workers in the city: A family-centered approach
中山大学 2014.9.1-3 广州 陈宏胜 新型城镇化时期中国大城市保障房社区的社会融合研究
中央民族大学 2015.10.24-25 北京 陈宏胜 1980年代以来中国城镇化研究述评
中山大学 2015.12.10-12 广州 陈宏胜 中国大城市流动人口城市融合与家庭城乡迁居决策研究
中国城市规划设计研究院 2016.3.4-5 北京 陈宏胜 中国大城市流动人口城乡流动与城市融合研究:以上海、广州为例
武汉大学 2016.4.23 武汉 陈宏胜 城镇化反噬工业化:坦途还是危机
东南大学城乡规划与经济社会发展研究中心 2015.10.21 南京 王兴平、吴启焰等 家庭、城镇化与城乡规划
中国城市规划学会 2015.9.19-21 贵阳 仇保兴、石楠等 海绵城市与规划变革
     
学术会议
会议名称时间地点本人报告本人报告题目
中国城市规划学会 2017.11 东莞 “家庭城镇化”在城乡规划中的价值与实践探索
美国地理学会 2016.3.28-4.2 美国旧金山 Study on the social integration and family relocation decision of China’s migrants:A case study of Shanghai
     
代表作
论文名称
The Physical and Psychological Health of Migrants in Guangzhou, China: How Does Neighborhood Matter?
“中央—地方”视角下中国城乡“二元结构”的建构——“一五计划”到“十二五规划”中国城乡演变分析
供给侧改革背景下传统开发区社会化转型的理念、内涵与路径
促进农村家庭城镇化的城乡规划转型探讨
城镇化的家庭转向:个体城镇化向家庭城镇化转变的实证
规划的流变——对增量规划, 存量规划, 减量规划的思考
区域协同发展进程中“配角城市”的“发展困境”探讨
面向农民工家庭的城镇公共服务体系优化:农民工市民化的关键
 
答辩委员会组成信息
姓名职称导师类别工作单位是否主席备注
崔功豪 正高 教授、博士生导师 博导 南京大学
袁久红 正高 教授、博士生导师 博导 东南大学
李志刚 正高 教授、博士生导师 博导 武汉大学
胡明星 正高 教授、博士生导师 博导 东南大学
孔令龙 正高 教授 硕导 东南大学
      
答辩秘书信息
姓名职称工作单位备注
殷铭 其他 讲师 东南大学