The educational carrier is a crucial element in the patriotism education system. There is a close relationship between culture and patriotism education. With the great development and prosperity of the advanced socialist culture has opened up a new journey in a New Era of Socialism, the culture in patriotism education is becoming more and more obvious, which provides a broader development space for the cultural carrier of patriotism education. This article is a comprehensive exploration of cultural carrier of patriotic education from the perspective of culture, so as to promote culture carrier construction, and enhance the attractiveness, appeal, effectiveness and relevance of patriotic education.
In essence, the cultural carrier is an objective reality which accompanies the cultural evolution, is a symbolic system with value, and it also is a means of transmitting the value. The cultural carrier shows "three unity" features, the organic unity of ideology, artistry and usability; the organic unity of stability, development and sensitivity; the organic unity of diversity, regional and commonality.
The cultural carrier of patriotism education is related to two important concepts, culture and patriotism education. It emerges and develops with the internal contradictions, social practice, state administrative power, social cooperation and forced pressure. And its development forms follow the logic process of "language - text - movable type printing and books - radio, telephone, television, newspapers and other mass media - network computer and other emerging mass media". Besides, its development tendency shows that technological, integrated, popular and risky.
With the development of culture, the cultural carrier of patriotism education has formed its typical style, which can be divided into three systems, symbol system, organizational system and ritual system. And we will give a comprehensive interpretation of language, construction venues and organizational system in the symbol system; mass media, rules and regulations as well as example people in the organizational system; the literature and folk festivals in the ritual system.
The cultural carrier of patriotism education has a significant value which includes the internal and external function. The cultural carrier of patriotism education needs to meet a series of subjective and objective conditions. It must be able to reflect the social leading value. It can meet the needs of education object. What’s more, it needs refined packaging and publicity and promotion as well as grasping the public’s social psychology. In addition, it must follow the basic principles such as people-oriented, integrated optimization, unity of inheritance and innovation, unity of theoretical construction and physical practice.
The development of the cultural carieer on patriotism education has made remarkable achievements as well as serious problems in the modern China. Around the socialist spiritual civilization construction, the cultural carieer on patriotism education has achieved development with the times. Besides, its influence and radiation surface has been increasing day by day with the promotion of the strategy on cultural power. At the background of globalization, marketization and information, the cultural carrier of patriotism education confronts with opportunities and challenges. Especially, we can’t underestimate the main problems. The heterogeneous cultures such as non-localization, non-ideology and non-sanctification digest the value of cultural carrier of patriotism education. The loss of rural culture and the secular difference of urban culture block the construction and development of cultural carrier of patriotism education. Meanwhile, decentralized ethnic culture and the weak development of Chinese culture also deconstruct the function of cultural carrier of patriotism education.
The construction of cultural carrier of patriotism education should dialectically deal with the contradictory relationship in this process. Furthermore, it needs lay emphasis on the construction of group culture, such as the family culture, school culture, unit culture, peer group culture, elite group culture and so on. At the same time, we should make efforts to construct the unique identity of the cultural carrier of patriotism education according to inheriting and carrying forward the outstanding traditional culture of China, sticking with and carrying forward the revolutionary culture, flourishing and developing the advanced socialist culture. The last but not least, the construction of cultural carrier of patriotism education needs the protection of a series of institutional mechanisms. Such as the leading working mechanism, security mechanism, dynamic mechanism, assessment feedback mechanism and so on.